The prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) is rising at an alarming rate, and while there are still micropopulations, like college campuses, where the rates are higher than average, anyone can be at risk for an STD. It may feel embarrassing or uncomfortable to talk about, but most STDs are treatable with a simple course of antibiotics. Left untreated, they can impact fertility and sexual health and cause serious health complications.
Symptoms of STDs
Some STDs have noticeable symptoms. Many STDs, for example, will cause burning during urination or you’ll develop sores on your mouth or pubic region. Some STDs, however, such as HPV (genital warts) do not have symptoms. Therefore, if you are at risk, you should get tested to be safe. If you have any of the following symptoms, you should make an appointment to see your Ob/Gyn:
- Pain or burning when you urinate
- Genital itching
- Discharge, especially with an odor
- Pain during intercourse
- Fever or chills
How Are STDs Diagnosed?
Your doctor will be able to diagnose your STD by doing a physical examination and discussing your symptoms with you. Some tests require a blood test, like HIV. Other fluid samples may also be taken. Women who are sexually active should discuss having regular pap smears to check for HPV.
How Are STDs Treated
Most STDs can be treated – and cured – with a simple course of antibiotics. However, there is no cure for Herpes or HIV. Lifelong monitoring, medication, and precautions are required to prevent complications from these STDs. While most HPV viruses are harmless, there are several that can cause cervical cancer, so regular monitoring is necessary.
How to Prevent STDs
To prevent STDs, use latex condoms if you are sexually active. Be careful about your partners. If you have an STD, refrain from sexual activity until you have completed your course of treatment.
If you would like to be tested for sexually transmitted diseases, or want to learn more about preventative methods, schedule an appointment today with an Ob/Gyn specialist at Huey & Weprin Ob/Gyn. With specialized care and cutting-edge treatments in obstetrics and gynecology, Huey & Weprin Ob/Gyn offers a wide variety of gynecologic and obstetric services from leaders in Ob/Gyn research development. Call 937.771.5100 or fill out the form on this page to schedule an appointment.